Les pronomes tonique

To begin, let us recall the personal pronouns that act as the subject:

Singular

Plural

je

(I)

nous

(we)

tu

(you)

vous

(you)

il

(he)

ils

(they - males)

elle

(she)

elles

(they - females)

Je veux vous aider. - I want to help you.

Il va au bureau. - He is going to the office / service.

Elle fait des commissions. - She is shopping.

Nous avons beaucoup d’amis. - We have a lot of friends.

Vous prenez du café. - You drink coffee.

Ils font leurs études à la Sorbonne. - They study at the Sorbonne.

Elles habitent rue arbat. - They live on Arbat Street.

 

Personal pronouns are always followed by a verb, but the stressed pronouns are quite independent, i.e. are used without a verb.

Singular

Plural

moi

(Me)

nous

(we)

toi

(you)

vous

(you)

lui

(he)

eux

(they - male)

elle

(she)

elles

(they - female)

Soi is a stressed pronoun, which is used with “on”, i.e. "we":

On est bien chez soi - "We" are fine at home.

Let's consider the cases of their use:

• in combination with the words même (oneself), seul (one, single, himself), aussi (too), non plus (also not);

• in the imperative mood instead of me and te;

• in incomplete sentences;

• in comparisons;

• in exclamations;

• in the presence of two subject or additives;

• and in expositive constructions c’est / ce sont ... qui / que.

Qui a appris la poésie? - Moi. - Who learned the poem? - Me.

Qui a commencé? - C’est lui. - Who started? - It's him.

Chez qui réunissez-vous? - Chez eux. - Who are you going? - Them.

Pour qui as-tu acheté les fleurs? - Pour toi. - For whom did you buy flowers? - For you.

Je le ferai moi-même. - I will do it myself.

Lui seul peut nous aider. - Only he can help us.

Eux non plus n’ont pas composed l’idée principale du speaker. - They did not understand the main idea of ​​the speaker either.

Ce gamin court plus vite que moi. - This boy runs faster than me.

Dis-moi toute la vérité et nous tacherons d’améliorer la situation. - Tell me the whole truth, and we will try to improve the situation.

Tes mains sont toutes sales. Lave-toi tout de suite! - You have dirty hands. Now wash yourself!

Moi, laver la vaisselle? Jamais de ma vie! - Me, do the dishes? Never in my life!

Ce sont elles que nous avons rencontrées devant le monument. - We met them in front of the monument.

Lui, à pied? Je n’en crois pas mes yeux. - Is he walking? I can `t believe my eyes.

… L’étranger me crie d’arrêter, et moi de courir. “... a stranger shouts to me to stop but I run.”

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