Pretérito Perfecto

Pretérito Perfecto - one of the past tenses of the Spanish language, very similar to Present Perfect in English.

The tense is used:

1. With time markers like: hoy - today, todavía - still, ya - already, nunca - never, ultimamente - recently and all phrases with the word este - this (este mes - this month) or esta - (esta semana - this week).

Pretérito Perfecto expresses an action that happened recently (but there is no clear time), as well as an action that is relevant to the present.


2. Pretérito Perfecto can be used without time markers, if we do not care when the action happened.


The Pretérito Perfecto tense has the following grammatical form:


Haber + PP (-ado / -ido)

yo he nos hemos

tu has vos habeis

el ha ellos han

In Spanish grammar, as well as in English, everything is not so simple😊. There are irregular verbs that change their form completely and you just need to remember them.


Verbos irregulares

abrir (open) - abierto

escribir (write) - escrito

romper (break) - roto

volver (come back) - vuelto

ver (see) - visto

decir (speak, say) - dicho

hacer (do) - hecho

poner (put) - puesto

morir (die) - muerto

freír (fry) - frito

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