Word order in sentences

In Russian there is no stable word order in the sentence. Thanks to the case system, we can swap words, leaving the former meaning of the phrases:

Друзья гуляют по улице.

По улице гуляют друзья.

In the English language, sentences are built according to a certain scheme. In other words, in the English sentences there is a direct word order.

Due to the absence of cases in English, the members of the sentence are determined by the place they take. Changing these places can lead to a distortion of the meaning or to a completely different meaning:

Jane speaks to Susan.

Susan speaks to Jane.

The word order in the English sentence has the following sequence:

The subject (Who? What?) - in the first place

The predicate (an action) - in second place

Object (Whom? What?) - in third place

Adverbial modifier (How? When?) - the last

We (the subject) are watching (the predicate) an interesting film (the object) at the weekend (the adverbial modifier).

 

Sometimes adverbial modifiers can be placed in front of the subject:

At the weekend, we visit our parents.

The following table will show the possible variations of the word order in the sentence:

Adverbial modifier

Subject

 

Predicate

 

Object

 

Adverbial modifier

 

 

 

 

Indirect (whom to?)

Direct

(Whom?)

Prepositional (Whom to?)

When?

Where?

When?

 

They

sent

me

a letter

 

 

 

today.

At the moment

she

is reading

 

a book

to a sister.

 

 

 

 

I

walk

with my dog

 

 

often.

 

 

Often

they

call

me.

 

 

 

 

 

 

She

spends

 

her weekend

 

 

at home.

 

 

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