Plus-que-parfait immédiat

As the name implies, the tense Plus-que-parfait immédiat is a very close relative of Plus-que-parfait, which we described earlier in one of our articles. So, firstly, this tense is also compound, and secondly, it consists of the same elements, but the verb venir must be used in Imparfait. This tense is used to express an action that occurred in the past before another action in the past. When translating this time into English, we can safely use the word "just". But this time "just" is connected, not with the present, but with the past.

Conjugation of verbs in the Plus-que-parfait immédiat

demander —

to ask

grandir —

grow

répondre —

answer

se tromper —

make a mistake

je venais

de demander —

I had just asked

je venais

de grandir —

I had just grown

je venais

de répondre —

I had just answered

je venais

de me tromper —

I had just made a mistake

tu venais

de demander —

you had just asked

tu venais

de grandir —

you had just grown

tu venais

de répondre —

you had just answered

tu venais

de te tromper —

you had just made a mistake

il venait

de demander —

he had just asked

il venait

de grandir —

he had just grown

il venait

de répondre —

he had just answered

il venait de

se tromper —

he had just made a mistake

elle venait

de demander —

she had just asked

elle venait

de grandir —

she had just grown

elle venait

de répondre —

she had just answered

elle venait

de se tromper —

she had just made a mistake

nous venions

de demander —

we had just asked

nous venions

de grandir —

we had just grown

nous venions

de répondre —

we had just answered

nous venions

de nous

tromper —

we had just made a mistake

vous veniez

de demander —

you had just asked

vous veniez

de grandir —

you had just grown

vous veniez

de répondre —

you had just answered

vous veniez

de vous tromper —

you had just made a mistake

ils / elles venaient

de demander —

they had just asked

ils / elles

venaient

de grandir —

they had just grown

ils / elles

venaient

de répondre —

they had just answered

ils / elles

venaient

de se tromper —

they had just made a mistake

The translation will be almost the same, but "just" is meant in the past:

Jean-Paul a dit au commissaire qu'il venait de voir cet homme-là. - Jean-Paul told the policeman that he had just seen this man.

Ma soeur m'a lu la lettre qu'elle venait de recevoir. - My sister read me the letter she had just received.

L'avion venait d'atterrir lorsque nous sommes arrivés à l'aéroport. - The plane had just landed when we arrived at the airport.

Pierre était las. Il venait d'avoir une journée fatigante. - Pierre was tired. He had just had a tiring day.

So, with the speaking forms of the past tenses we have almost finished. Only written tenses - Passé simple, Passé antérieur, Passé surcomposé remained.

For your convenience, we have created a table of using past tenses in French:

Passé composé

 

Imparfait

 

Plus-que-parfait

 

Passé immédiat

 

Plus-que-parfait

immédiat

Completed action in the past

Incomplete action in the past

Action in the past which happened before another action in the past

Action which happened in the nearest past

Action in the past which happened close before another action in the past

Les voyageurs sont descendus du wagon

A sept heures du soir nous étions assis à table et dînions

Jean a dit qu’il avait (déjà) vu le reportage sur la conférence à Genève

Je viens d’apprendre cette nouvelle

 

Ma soeur m’a lu la lettre qu’elle venait de recevoir.

The passengers left the car.

At seven o'clock

We were sitting at the table and having dinner.

Jean said that he had already seen the report on the conference in Geneva

I have just found out this news.

My sister read me the letter she had just received.

avoir or être + V- participe passé

Base du V « nous » au Présent + -ais, -ais, -ait, -ions, -iez, - aient

avoir or être в Imparfait + V- participe passé

venir (au Présent) + de + V (infinitif)

venir (au Imparfait) + de + V (infinitif)

J’ai parlé

Nous avons parlé

J’ai fini

Nous avons fini

J’ai lu

Nous avons lu

J’habitais

Nous habitions

J’avais dîné

Nous avions dîné

Je viens d'appeler

Nous venons d’appeler

Je venais

de demander

Nous venions

de demander

Je suis retourné(e)

Nous sommes retourné(e)s

Je finissais

Nous finissions

J’étais parti(e)

Nous étions parti(e)s

Je viens de sortir

Nous venons de sortir

Je venais

de répondre

Nous venions

de répondre

Je me suis lavé(e)

Nous sommes lavé(e)s

Je buvais

Nous buvions

J’avais pleuré

Nous avions pleuré

Je viens de faire

Nous venons de faire

Je venais

de me tromper

Nous venions

de nous tromper

And in order to understand the grammatical times of the French language better and not to be confused with them, we recommend you study with one of the teachers in our school.

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