This tense, the nearest Past, which happened in the near past, just now, a second ago. We’ve just run to the train, but it left, we’ve just received a salary, but we paid a fine for a car parked in the wrong place, we’ve just met a nice person, and a few minutes later lost any sight of him. These are all those actions that happened, but we have not realized anything yet.
The tense Passé immédiat is very simple, but it is compound. We take the conjunction venir, add the preposition de and the semantic verb in the infinitive. Here is the scheme:
Let's take a few verbs to clarity the conjugation:
And here there are a few phrases with the translation:
Louise et Bonaparte viennent de se marier. - Louise and Bonaparte have just got married.
Ces enfants viennent d'avoir un accident. - These children have just got into an accident.
Je viens d'apprendre cette nouvelle. – I’ve just found out the news.
Elle vient d'avoir vingt ans. - She's just turned twenty.
In order to create a negative sentence just surround the verb venir with our favorite turn ne ... pas and that's what happens:
Je ne viens pas d'acheter le chocolat - I have not bought chocolate yet.
Tu ne viens pas d'envoyer cette lettre – You have not just sent this letter.
Vous ne venez pas vous de promener avec moi - You have not walked with me just now.
Well, finally, a couple of questions:
Vient-il d'appeler toi? - Has he just call you?
Viennent-ils d'arriver au quai? - Have they just arrived on the platform?
Est-ce nous venon de nous appeler à vous? - Have we just introduced our names to you now?
This was the nearest past tense! By the way, in some grammar guides Passé immédiat is called Passé récent. Keep in mind that this is the same grammatical tense.
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