Irregular Verbs in English

Verbs in English usually form the past tense (Past Simple) with the ending -ed, which we add to the base of the infinitive. However, this rule has an exception, which also give English learners a lot of bother.

There is a group of words, so-called irregular verbs, which live by their own rules. Despite the fact that several ways of their formation can be traced, it is impossible to describe them and create a certain system. The only thing to do with these verbs is to remember them. The table below shows the main and frequently used irregular verbs.

Infinitive

2nd Form (Past Simple)

3rd Form (Past Participle)

be

was/were

been

become

became

become

begin

began

begun

break

broke

broken

bring

brought

brought

build

built

built

buy

bought

Bought

can

could

been able

catch

caught

caught

choose

chose

chosen

come

came

come

cost

cost

cost

dig

dug

dug

do

did

done

draw

drew

drawn

drink

drank

drunk

drive

drove

driven

eat

ate

eaten

fall

fell

fallen

feed

fed

fed

feel

felt

felt

find

found

found

fly

flew

flown

forget

forgot

forgotten

get

got

got

give

gave

given

go

went

gone

grow

grew

grown

have

had

had

hear

heard

heard

hold

held

held

hurt

hurt

hurt

keep

kept

kept

know

knew

known

learn

learned/learnt

learned/learnt

leave

left

left

let

let

let

lose

lost

lost

make

made

made

mean

meant

meant

meet

met

met

pay

paid

paid

put

put

put

read /ri:d/

read /red/

read /red/

ride

rode

ridden

ring

rang

rung

run

ran

run

say

said

said

see

saw

seen

sell

sold

sold

send

sent

sent

shine

shone

shone

show

showed

shown

sing

sang

sung

sit

sat

sat

sleep

slept

slept

speak

spoke

spoken

spend

spent

spent

stand

stood

stood

steal

stole

stolen

swim

swam

swum

take

took

taken

teach

taught

taught

tell

told

told

think

thought

thought

throw

threw

thrown

understand

understood

understood

wear

wore

worn

win

won

won

write

wrote

written

 

Password reset

The letter has been sent to your email.

Follow the link given to reset the password.