Pronouns in English

Pronouns in English, as well as in Russian, are used to denote an object or its attribute, without naming them. There are certain groups of pronouns, and each of them has its own grammatical features.

Below we are going to consider the main types of pronouns in more detail.

Personal pronouns

Personal pronouns in English have two cases: nominative and object (accusative or dative). If in the sentence the pronoun is used as a subject, it stands in the nominative case; if it is used as a complement - then it has the form of the objective case.

Nominative case

Objective case

I

Я

Me

Меня, мне

You

Ты

You

Тебя, тебе

He

Он

Him

Его, ему

She

Она

Her

Её, ей

It

Оно

It

Его, ему, её, ей

We

Мы

Us

Нас, нам

They

Они

Them

Их, им

Possessive pronouns

Possessive pronouns indicate the belonging of the object and always appear before the word being defined in the sentence. If necessary, we can use possessive pronouns without a noun. For this, a special form, which is called absolute, is used.

Attachable form

Absolute form

My

Мой, моя, моё, мои

Mine

Мой, моя, моё, мои

Your

Твой, ваш, ect.

Yours

Твой, ваш, ect.

His

Его

His

Его

Her

Её

Hers

Её

Its

Его, её

Its

Его, её

Our

Наше, наш, наша, наши

Ours

Наше, наш, наша, наши

Their

Их            

Theirs

Их            

Demonstrative pronouns

Demonstrative pronouns can change their number. They denote an object, which is far or close to the speaker.

Singular

Plural

This

Этот (рядом)

These

Эти (рядом)

That

Тот (далеко)

Those

Те (далеко)

Relative pronouns

This type of pronouns is used when we need to add some information about an object of interest.

What

Что, какой

Who

Кто

Whom

Которого, которому

Whose

Чей

Which

Который, что

Whatever

Что бы ни

Whichever

Какой бы ни

Whoever

Кто бы ни

Reflexive pronouns

The reflexive pronouns end in -self (-selves in the plural). They show that the action is directed at the person ( or thing) that performs it.

In Russian, they are used with verbal reflexive suffixes ся, -сь or with the pronoun "oneself, myself, yourself", etc.

Singular

Plural

Myself

 

 

Себя (сам)

Ourselves

 

Себя (сами)

Yourself

Yourselves

Himself

Themselves

Herself

 

Itself

 

Oneself

Indefinite personal form

 

 

Password reset

The letter has been sent to your email.

Follow the link given to reset the password.