In the previous topic, we considered 4 types of reading vowels, which did not seem to us difficult at all, so we can safely go on.
Unfortunately, letters do not always stand alone in an open or closed syllable. Very often they are combined in letter combinations, which are read quite differently. This applies to both vowels and consonants.
Look at this table of vowels with examples of their reading:
And now try to read these words yourself using all the reading rules:
cope, smoke, rose, nose, spine, sly, cry, vine, maze, home
spin, not, doll, hop, hot, bank, rank, spin, up, us, bus, bun, cut, fun, vet
girl, sir, burn, turn, word, born, torn, bird, form, serf, herb
fire, bare, mire, stare, tire, sere, mere, store, core, more, care.
tea, meet, eat, read, speak, clean, please bread, head, breakfast, healthy
away, play, say, may, today, grey, they
Consonant sounds and their combinations
To some extent, consonant sounds are simpler, because each of them is read separately, as in the alphabet. However, they are surrounded by other letters in words too and this leaves its mark on them.
Pay attention to the table below. Here are the main variants of letter combinations that can be met in English words and examples of their reading:
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