Emphasis. How to correctly say what is important to you

The ability to correctly place accents in English helps to make speech more vibrant, emotionally colored and lively, as well as highlight those parts in the sentence that carry more significance for us. For instance:

He created the name of the team.
OR
This was HE who created the name of the team! But we thought he had no imagination.

How to do this in English? There are several options for emphasis, we will look at each of them now.


1. It is/was...who/which/that 

Anna is working at this new project in her office.
 It’s Anna who/that is working at this new project in her office. (Emphasis is on the subject - Anna)

Anna is working at this new project in her office.
It’s this new project that Anna is working at in her office. (Emphasis is on the object - the project)

Anna is working at this new project in her office.
It’s in her office that Anna is working at this new project. (Emphasis is on the place - the office)

He didn’t come up with the idea, Anna did. 
It wasn’t he who/that came up with the idea, it was Anna.

2. All (that) = the only thing

All (that) he thinks about is his image.
All (that) they did was help us find the tickets.

3. What

Painting helps me relax and takes my mind off things.
What helps me relax and takes my mind off things is painting. 
OR
Painting is what helps me relax and takes my mind off things.
I really want some cake!
What I really want is some cake.
Some cake is what I really want.

4. What...do - emphasis on the action

Andrew writes wonderful books.
What Andrew does is write wonderful books.

She actually dyed her hair!
What she did was actually dye her hair!

5. Question word + ever - is usually used to show surprise

Who ever told you it was me?
When ever are you going to get ready?

HOWEVER! Question words Whose and Which are NOT used this way:
    Whose joke was it?

Question words (except Why)+  ever can be written as one word:
    Whoever told you?

We can use Ever to make an emphasis in negative sentences:
    I haven’t heard this news ever before!

6. Do/does/did + bare infinitive - is used in present simple, past simple and imperative to add emphasis

I like the way you’ve written your essay.
I DO like  the way you’ve written your essay.

She trusts you a lot.
She DOES trust you a lot.

He called her to explain everything,
He DID call her to explain everything.

Come to visit us!
DO come to visit us!
 

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