Number of nouns (Número de sustantivos)

Nouns in Spanish can change their number. Basically, the plural is formed by adding the -s ending to the noun, although there are nuances and exceptions, as usually.

Here we offer you the basic rules for creating a plural form of nouns in Spanish.

 

If the noun in singular form has an ending:

The plural has the form:

а) vowel

la casa — a house

el libro — a book

el café — a café

+ S

las casas — houses

los libros — books

los cafés — cafes

б) consonant

el país — a country

la pared —a wall

+ ES

los países — countries

las paredes — walls

в) vowels — í, ú

el islaelí — Israeli

el tabú — taboo

+ S

los israelís — Israelis

los tabús — taboos

or + ES

los israelíes los tabúes

r) Z

la luz — light

el lápiz — a pencil

+ CES

las luces — light

los lápices — pencils

д) unstressed vowel + S

el paraguas — an umbrella

el lunes — Monday

la crisis — crisis

No changes (only article is changed)

los paraguas — umbrellas

los lunes — Mondays

las crisis — crisis

Masculine + feminine

el amigo + la amiga — a friend (m) + a friend (f)

Plural masculine

los amigos — friends

 

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