ARTICLES IN SPANISH

In Spanish, as in many European languages, we put an article before a noun. The rules of using articles in Spanish are quite similar to English. And, of course, as in English, they can bring a lot of trouble to the students.

Let's see in detail what the articles in Spanish are.

There are definite and indefinite articles. As in English, it depends on how important or familiar the object or person is to the speakers.

Un boligrafo - a pen

El boligrafo - the pen

In addition, articles in Spanish have a gender and a number and correspond with the nouns to which they relate.

Un gato – a cat

Unos gatos - cats

Una mesa – a table

Unas mesas - tables

The same thing happens with a definite article:

El gato - the cat

Los gatos - cats

La mesa – the table

Las mesas - tables

Here you can see a table of articles in Spanish:

 

Definite article

Indefinite article

 

 

singular

plural

singular

plural

masculine

un

unos

el

los

feminine

una

unas

la

las

 

There are some peculiarities in the use of articles in Spanish, in addition to the rules described above:

 

1. El (singular masculine article) is written together with two prepositions:

- with the preposition de: de + el = del **

- with the preposition a: a + el = al **

2. Many Spaniards consider unos, unas not as an article, but as a pronoun some.

3. We use masculine article with feminine nouns that begin on á (stressed a): el / un agua - water, el hada - fairy, el alma - soul.

4. **We do not use any article or preposition in front of proper nouns: Voy a El Cairo – I am going to Cairo. Este artículo es de El País. - This article is from El Pays.

 

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