The most insidious false friends and how to remember them

What are false friends, where did they come from, how to recognize them and many other interesting things that we told you earlier, in our previous articles in this series.

Below we have prepared a quiz for you, with the help of which, you can check how well you know already false friends (answers and description of the results at the end of the article).

For questions 1-7, choose one correct word meaning:

1. Data

Дата

Свидание

Данные

Сутки

2. Accent

Акцент

Доступ

Стресс

Оценивание

3. Plot

Плот

Лодка

Пилот

Сюжет

4. Council

Консул

Консультация

Букет

Совет

5. Desert

Десерт

Доза

Пустыня

Море

6. Silicon

Силикон

Кремний

Клей

Камень

7. Servant

Сервант

Сервис

Слуга

Шкаф

For all questions below, select the WRONG translation of the word:

8. Lack

Лак

Недостаток

Нужда

Отсутствие

9. Nature

Натура

Природа

Характер

Нагота

10. Master 

Мастер

Ремонтировать

Хозяин

Овладеть

This article provides a list of false friends whose probability of making a mistake is the greatest, since these words and their meanings belong to the same thematic group it is difficult to establish their discrepancy from the context.

Here is the biggest risk that you will make mistakes in translation and will mistake them for real friends. The good news is that there are not many such words.

English word

Correct russian translation

Wrong russian translation

Its correct English equivalent 

Academic

Преподаватель или научный сотрудник вуза

Академик

Academician

Anecdote

Случай из жизни (особенно: из жизни знаменитостей); интересное происшествие

Анекдот

Joke; funny incident

Biscuit

Сухое печенье

Бисквит

Sponge cake

Brunette/ brunet

Шатенка/шатен

Брюнетка/брюнет

Black-haired

Decade

Десятилетие

Декада

10 days

Marmalade

Апельсиновый джем

Мармелад

Fruit jellies

Stool

Табуретка

Стул

Chair

Velvet

Бархат

Вельвет

Corduroy

In a four-part series on false friends on our blog (The most false friends for Russian-speaking students in English and how not to order a desert for dessert, "Semi-false" friends for Russian-speaking students in English and where they come from, False friends for Russian-speaking students who learn English and why you need to know them by sight) we met several dozen of their representatives. How do you remember such a set? Sometimes rereading the list after waking up and before going to bed, as a prayer, is not enough. The process of memorizing false friends is no different from learning any other words and phrases. How to do this, we described in detail in our article "How to expand your vocabulary (vocabulary) to the maximum". 

Answers:

  1. Данные
  2. Акцент
  3. Сюжет
  4. Совет
  5. Пустыня
  6. Кремний
  7. Слуга
  8. Лак
  9. Нагота 
  10. Ремонтировать

Number of correct answers

Description

10

There is no place on your forehead without bumps from learning English and you know “who is who” well, but there is no limit to perfection ...

7-9

You are rather cautious with words, but it's too early to bend down, you still need to knock your forehead =)

3-6

What can I say, there is still a lot of room for bumps

0-2

I am very glad that your learning English was serene and painless, and you have never had a “screw up”. Or your bumps will go off quickly.)

This is the final article in a series on False Friends in English. Now you will not forbid children to watch a movie in English if you see the word heroine in the description, do not eat paste instead of pasta and play with a rocket, and you will also more often look at all the translations of words in the dictionary and practice the knowledge gained in communicating with the teachers of our school.

Author: Andrew Shapovalov

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