-ED and -ING Adjectives

If you are reading an exciting book, a real page-turner, are you interested or interesting? A movie that you’ve stopped watching in the middle was boring or bored?
 Often people do not see the big difference between these forms of adjectives and thus can get into an awkward situation or seem to be very self-critical. Wonder why? Let's take a look.

In English, there is a whole category of adjectives that have -ed or -ing endings. They are formed from verbs (if it seemed to you that these endings were verbal, you were right, they are =) ) that describe changes in the state of things and people or emotions. For instance:

to interest
to tire
to encourage

Adjectives with the ending -ed describe the emotions and feelings of people.

scared - feel fear
amazed - I feel surprise
bored - feel no interest

Adjectives with the ending -ing describe situations and objects around us that make us feel those very emotions.

terrifying 
amazing
boring

Let's go back to the questions at the very beginning: if you read an exciting book, you are very interested in it.
And if the movie is very boring, turn it off because you become bored.

And here are the main verbs that can be turned into adjectives with the endings -ed and -ing:

 

Verb

Adjective -ed

Adjective -ing

bore

bored

boring

interest

interested

interesting

disappoint

disappointed

disappointing

tire

tired

tiring

excite

excited

exciting

please

pleased

pleasing

depress

depressed

depressing

amaze

amazed

amazing

intrigue

intrued

intriguing

surprise

surprised

surprising

disgust

disgusted

disgusting

exhaust

exhausted

exhausting

annoy

annoyed

annoying

embarrassed

embarrassed

embarrassing

scare

scared

scaring

shock

shocked

shocking

astonish

astonished

astonishing

fascinate

fascinated

fascinating

frighten

frightened

frightening

satisfy

satisfied

satisfying

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