14 March 2020
Learning English is the way you are likely to encounter many mistakes, funny situations and embarrassments. Most people who study any foreign language go through them, so you should not be very afraid of this. We assure you, your friend or colleague who speaks fluent English now, and maybe the teacher (yes, it happens to us, too) once or twice said something wrong, was a bit misunderstood or understood completely wrong.
Therefore, we have collected for you the most common mistakes made by those who study English. We will analyze these examples and give the right options for you to learn from the experience of other people.
The verb to HAVE can be used this way only in the negative form of grammar tense Present perfect. Only in this case it will be AUXILIARY verb and of course must be followed by the action verb:
I haven’t seen him before.
In the case where we need to say about the absence of anything, we use the verb HAVE as the BASIC, semantic one. And in order to put it to a negative form, we will also need an auxiliary one.
I don’t have time.
They didn’t have any answer.
If you really like how HAVEN’T sounds, be sure to add GOT to it. And the meaning will be the same - I don’t have.
I haven’t got time!
Well, not exactly this word, but any ADJECTIVE IN COMPARATIVE form and the word MORE in addition.
Let’s briefly recall the rule. If an adjective is short (1 syllable), to make it comparative we simply add the ending -ER to it. Nothing more
I am more taller than my brother.
I am taller than my brother.
Yes, we do use the word MORE, but only if we need to convert a long word to a comparative degree (2 or more syllables):
And I am more beautiful, too.
And a few more rules again. The TO BE verb and the ACTION VERB together can only be in the form of CONTINUOUS (action in progress):
I am reading.
If this is any simple grammatical tense, the verb to be DOES NOT COME before the ACTION verb.
You agree with this, don’t you?
If we want to explain the reason for something, it will be correct to use INFINITIVE for this:
I am here to help you.
Yes, conditional sentences are pain in the neck for many of us, however, right now let's look at what is happening here.
A conditional sentence (in particular 1st type) consists of 2 parts: a condition (if / when ...) and a result (will ...).
In English, only the RESULT part will take the form of FUTURE tense:
If I DON’T forget I WILL tell you.
In other words, NO WILL AFTER IF.
Everything is simple here, you just need to remember:
What you see depends ON where you look.
This construction is often translated from Russian into English too literally. In English, for such a message, there is its own construction:
WANT SOMEBODY TO DO SOMETHING
I want you to tell me everything!
Oh, these prepositions - where should we put them, where should we not?
Here the it is needed =)
Because OF something
We’ve missed the bus because of you! Could you be faster?
We will try not to get into the jungle of verb patterns, let's say simpler. If TWO verbs are in the sentence one after another and we certainly need to put the SECOND in negative form, we need only the NOT particle between them.
Try NOT to think about it.
He admits NOT following the rules.
Let’s find out how to use the word behave.
There is a phrase behave oneself (myself / yourself, etc.) and it already means “well”.
I am taking you home in the evening. Behave yourself!
And there is the word behave, which we need to clarify exactly how: well or badly.
Did you behave well?
Well, how can this not be mentioned
From the point of view of the Russian language, everything is logical: feel myself. But this is what is called a false friend.
If we want to say that we feel somehow (good, bad, stupid, delicious ...), it is enough to say only FEEL + ADJ:
I feel so happy today!
I don’t want to say it, I will feel stupid.
As for feel myself, this phrase is pretty indecent.
And again false friend! The word LATE does not mean “come late”; it is not a verb. It is an adjective and an adverb. How then do we say about being late?
And here Russian and English are not much different..
So in English we need to say:
It is expensive.
It costs a lot.
And one more rule to remember - DO NOT use the TO particle after modal verbs.
I must remember it!
I cannot make such a silly mistake.
You should repeat it again.
We may need more time.
The exceptions are the words HAVE TO and NEED TO:
I have to be more careful.
You need to check your spelling.
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